Herschel began his professional musical life as an oboist in the Hanoverian Guards regiment. In addition to the oboe, he played the violin and harpsichord and later the organ. He composed numerous musical works, including 24 symphonies and many concertos, as well as some church music.
Herschel moved to Sunderland in 1761 when Charles Avison engaged him as first violin and soloist for his Newcastle orchestra, and where he played for one season. He was head of the Durham Militia band in 1760–61 and visited the home of Sir Ralph Milbanke at Halnaby Hall in 1760, where he wrote two symphonies, as well as giving performances himself.
After Newcastle he moved to Leeds, and then Halifax where he was the first organist at St John the Baptist church. When he was appointed to Bath he performed his own compositions including a violin concerto, an oboe concerto and a harpsichord sonata. In 1780, Herschel was appointed director of the Bath orchestra, with his sister Caroline often appearing as soprano soloist.
A selection of CD recordings of Herschel’s music are available from the Museum gift shop.
William wrote a Treatise on Music that was never published. We offer here Treatise on Music by Dominique Proust and Gus Orchard that provides an extensive introduction about William, and particularly his music, then the Treatise itself, followed by a short commentary. We hope it is of interest.